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域名合同是服务还是产权?

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发表于 2017-2-5 01:29:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Are Domain Names Contract of Services or Property Rights?
域名合同是服务还是产权?
Feb 02, 2017 12:34 PM PST
By Duksh Kumar Koonjoobeeharry
翻译:谋神


There are several perspectives from which one can give various answers to the question of 'what are domain names?'. Originally the domain name system started and continues to be a human-friendly way of addressing to a set of machines or specific machine connected to the Internet. Hence, from the technical perspective, a domain name is simply an address consisting of a combination of alphanumeric and symbols to communicate with a machine which also happens to be hosting certain services in form of data and information on it.
关于什么是域名,不同人从不同视觉可以给出各种各种的答案。最初启动域名系统只是提供一种人性化寻址或让机器连接到互联网的方案。因此,从技术的角度来看,一个域名仅仅是一个由字母数字和符号的组合成的地址,通过这个地址与承载某些数据和信息服务的机器连接。

Indirectly that machine or its hosted services can also act as a gateway to a network of other services and machines. The above perspective can be considered as the parent perspective from which comes the business perspective and legal perspective. As a starting point, the domain name takes birth via the domain registrar and the registrant after going through the registration process which is done online in a lapse of minutes consisting of:
    Entering desired domain name to be checked for availability from database;
    Checking availability from the database;
    If domain name is available, select service plan consisting of terms and conditions along with duration of plan and service fee;
    Pay online;
    Configure the Domain Name Server (DNS) to associate the domain name.
机器或其承载的服务也可以间接地作为连接到网络上其他服务和机器的网关。上述关于域名是什么的观点可以被看作是域名的原始定义,从这个定义出发,才有了域名的商业和法律定义。作为一个起点,域名的出生通过在域名注册商平台以下程序达成,这个过程只需几分钟在网上完成:
输入所需域名在域名数据库检查是否可注册;
在数据库检查域名是否可用;
如果域名可以注册,勾选服务计划,这些计划由条款和条件组成,包括服务期限和服务费;
在线支付;
给域名配置域名服务器(DNS)。

The above is all it takes for anyone to get a domain name from a domain name registrar at any time and day. The issue of whether the domain name becomes a services contract, more than property rights or vice versa, comes next.
以上是任何人在任何时候从域名注册处获得域名所需要做的所有事情。关于域名是否是服务合同,而不仅仅是产权问题,请看下文。

Trademarks and the owner
商标及其所有人


A trademark is always attached to an entity representing the owner and a quality attached to a product or service. On its own, the trademark has no value if separated from its goodwill. Every country and its different jurisdictions have their own laws regulating trademarks. Can a trademark be used as a domain name? Yes. Can a domain name become a trademark? Not really, as the domain name is not owned by anyone, it is only licensed to be used as an address by the registrar to the registrant for a limited time only.
商标总是依附于代表所有者的实体和附在产品或服务上的质量。商标本身如果与商誉分离,就没有价值。每个国家和不同的司法管辖区都有自己的法律来规范商标

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